3 1 Compare & Contrast Between Two Female Slaves The process of

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Compare & Contrast Between Two Female Slaves
The process of enslaving people is one of the critical things that shaped the 17th and 18th centuries. Evidence from various sources notes that the African continent was the source of slaves? throughout these centuries. From these attacks, thousands of men and women were captured and forced to work as servants and laborers on other continents. This is a little misleading – most slaves were sold by the Africans themselves. It isn’t like white people showed up and started herding people towards the boats. Among the most common destinations of enslaved people were the Americas, the British colonies, and the Middle East, which took far fewer enslaved people. I don’t think that is true. The MENA region took about the same number but over a longer period of time. While at these places, enslaved people, in the bid to have everyday lives, gave birth to children who were unfortunately considered properties of the enslavers right from their birth. True While some aspects of slavery were the same, the experiences of enslaved people were not the same for everyone, partly because there were no agreed procedures and rules on how enslaved people were to be treated. Narratives by former female slaves, Sojourner Truth and Betty Venery, reveal that their lives had a similar trajectory. This is in the ways they found themselves in slavery, the tasks they undertook, the traits of their owners, their introduction to religion, and their paths to marriage; they had vital differences. On the other hand, they had significant differences in location, period, personalities, and family profiles. This intro is way too long- you don’t need to introduce slavery in general, here, but rather the topic of Sojourner Truth and Betty Venery in specific. I’d re-write the intro to just say:“The lives of Sojourner Truth and Betty Venery illustrate the variety of ways in which African-American women experienced slavery. To some degree, their lives had similar trajectory. This is in the ways they found themselves in slavery, the tasks they undertook, the traits of their owners, their introduction to religion, and their paths to marriage; they had vital differences. On the other hand, they had significant differences in location, period, personalities, and family profiles.”
First forward, reading the narratives for both Sojourner Truth and Betty Veney is very taxing since, Why is that “taxing”? I don’t get the point. Are you saying they were similar insofar as they are CREOLE (native-born) slaves rather than “salt-water” slaves (imported from Africa”? right from the preface of their accounts, it becomes clear that they were children of enslaved people. This reality forms the first similarity that they were both born into slavery, and their first auction to new masters happened at a very young age. Evidencing this, For example, the narrative by Sojourner Truth, who was born Isabella Baumfree in 1797, details that she was born into slavery. Truth (1850) writes that “Born into slavery, and held in that brutal condition until the entire abolition of slavery in the State of New York in 1827, she has known what it is to drink to the dregs the bitterest cup of human degradation.” This personal account clearly states that she was born into servitude, and the unjust treatment by enslavers was only her daily reality for the better part of her life. In a similar order of things, Similarly, Betty Veney’s narrative also notes that she was born into captivity and had no choice or experience of being free. In her narrative duped??? What? Aunt Betty’s? Story, Veney (1890) states, ” I have little recollection of my very early life.” My mother and her five children were owned by one James Fletcher, Pass Run, the town of Luray, Page County, Virginia. Of my father, I know nothing”. This blatant claim about her ample background clearly states that she Clearly, Betty Veney was born into slavery, and she spent the better part of her adult life working as one. A straight comparison of the facts and personal accounts of these two enslaved women clearly shows that they were both born into slavery and had little to do to protect themselves from the jaws of hard work that followed them. Good but I’d make this point differently. Like I said above, one similarity is that both women were creole slaves, meaning they were born in the Americas rather than born in Africa and imported later
Another significant similarity between these two enslaved women was the professions and the tasks they undertook as enslaved people. Good, strong topic sentence Enslaved people were mainly required to provide Both women were employed doing manual labors to in the fields owned by their masters during the day and domestic labor in the evening and night. The story narrated by Sojourner Truth notes that right from a young age, the masters of her parents made her work as a domestic worker. This was the case for her when she was auctioned further as she found herself predominantly being used as a domestic enslaved person that she kept close encounters with her masters. Evidencing this, Truth (1850) narrates that “A good deal of feeling arose from this difference of opinion, which was getting to relatively an uncomfortable height, when, all at once, the potatoes that Isabel cooked for breakfast assumed a dingy, dirty look. In a similar version of events, the narrative by Betty Veney details that, right from a young age, she was introduced to household chores, and she later got auctioned; she got herself cooking and cleaning for the majority of her masters. Like Truth, Veney does not praise her masters, and clearly, this shows that she had close encounters with her masters as a domestic worker. It is essential to mention that they worked predominantly as domestic servants and did not space them from the working field. In various accounts, the narratives make it clear that they found themselves working in fields, and later in the day, they were required to work as house helps, making their experiences worse than any male enslaved people could ever imagine. What did these women do in the fields, exactly? What crops were they employed to grow? Your only example here is the potatoes…
Another significant aspect that comes out as being similar for both of them similarity between Truth and Veney is the same traits that their owners shared. Since both were born into slavery, they were treated as spinsters ? A spinster is an old unmarried woman- I don’t think that is the word you mean to use, here by their masters. In this, their former masters were not pleasant people since they did not give them the best treatment as people who. From time to time, despite the kind words and treatment that they were shown, they were subjected to cruelty that would easily lead to violent treatment. Truth (1850) narrates that “Her mistress blamed her severely, asking her master to observe ‘ a fine specimen of Bell’s work! ‘ — adding, ‘ it is the way all her work is done.” Her master scolded also her this time and commanded her to be more careful in the future”. That’s not a very good example of cruelty – just being told to be careful? Was this part of a long pattern of verbal abuse? This is the same case for Veney, who narrates that “I was awkward one day, and he struck me with nail-rod” (Veney, 1890). Much better example of cruelty From these accounts, both of these women had masters who were cruel and imposing people who had the notion that enslaved people were people who were owned, and hence, they had every other right over time.
Furthermore, both their narratives detail that these iconic establish that these women share almost the same kind of religion. What kind? Maybe say “Still another similarity is that both Veney and Truth were deeply religious.” In this, both taken by Christian families, both Sojourner Truth and Betty Veney were presented with religious teachings. First, by their parents, then next by their masters. To be precise, the narrative by Sojourner Truth (1850) details that “In the evening, when her mother’s work was done, she would sit own under the sparkling vault of heaven, and calling her children to her would talk to them of the only being that could effectually aid or protect them”. These apparent efforts by her mother helped to instill religious beliefs in her. In an almost similar manner of events, after encouragement, the narrative by Veney notes that “from that day to this, I have been praying and trying to do as I thought my heavenly master has required of me, and I think I have had the witness of the Spirit.” These accounts clarify that these two shared a close order of events that shaped their religious beliefs. Good
The last significant similarity between these two was that they followed almost a similar path in marriage. The narrative tells that at some point around the 1830s, Veney fell in love and subsequently married Jerry Fickland. Interestingly, Fickland was an enslaved person owned by Jonas Menefee, who lived several miles from where Veney was enslaved (Veney, 1890). Interestingly, Unfortunately, Fickland was sold by Menefee, and this was the last time that Veney saw him. A few years later, she found her second husband, McCoy, who was hired as a laborer where she was enslaved. This was almost the same case for Sojourner Truth, who married a fellow enslaved man named Thomas. While she was not the first wife, just like in the case of Betty Veney, this marriage only mirrored the marriage trend for enslaved people that included polygamy. Considering the nature of the marriage, who they married, and the fact that they were not the only wives clearly shows that their marriage paths as enslaved people were similar. That’s interesting. Do you want to cite the book about Jamaica that makes this point about Polygamy? I forget the name of it…
On the other hand, critical close consideration of the two narratives reveals that these two women have key differences despite the apparent similarities. Among these vital differences is the location in which they were enslaved. The narrative by Sojourner Truth notes that until the time she was an adult, she was enslaved in New York. Here, she experienced her first auction, at the age of around 9 or 10, when she was sold for $100 and some sheep. On the other hand, Betty Veney was enslaved in Shenandoah County, Virginia. In her narrative, Veney notes that she spent the better part of her life in Virginia. Conclusively, this brings a major contrast in their times as slaves and hence, creating a huge difference in their lives. How so? Can you give examples of how the different locations lead to different experiences in slavery?
Also, there is a clear difference in the time that they were enslaved. The narrative by Sojourner Truth posits that she found herself in slavery in 1797. While the narrative notes that she has poor recollections of exactly when she was born and hence became a slave, the fact that she was born into slavery tells that her enslaved status began in 1797. The narrative notes that her slavery ended in 1826 when she escaped from the jaws clutches of slavery before joining the abolitionist movement. In a different version of events, the narrative by Betty Veney notes that she was born in 1815, and this marked the time her enslaved status began. While she managed to escape slavery a couple of times, Betty Veney found herself captured from time to time; the effective end of slavery came around the 1830s. In essence, the time their slavery began and ended was entirely different for them and to some extent, this presented them with different experiences. Can you give examples of how the time period mattered? For example- in New York slavery was abolished in 1827! So slavery was already winding down as an institution in the case of Truth… can you see any indications of that in the text? Veney on the other hand lived in Virginia, where slavery didn’t end until 1865.
Another point: Veney lived during a time where there was a very real risk of being sold south from Virginia into cotton-growing country. That’s what happened to Charles Ball for example, the guy we read about in the reading about the pushing system. Did that every come up in the text? She was lucky she managed to stay in Viriginia. Truth didn’t have to worry about that as much because cotton cultivation in the American south was just getting started.
Additionally, these two women had personality differences that distinguished who they were. In this, the narrative, in various instances, depicts her who? as an ex-slave who was fiery in whatever she did. In her abolitionist work, she was known to have this imposing physical trait that helped her in campaigns. Various instances from the narrative tell that she is a straight talker who was never sentimental. Overall, she is a strong-willed woman who? whose personality inspired many others who wanted to follow in her steps. On the other hand, the narrative by Betty Veney says that she was a resilient woman who, despite the pain she had, was forgiving. With this resilience, the narrative notes that she never falls for depravations that hit most other enslaved people. Interesting
There is also a clear difference between the two when considering their families and siblings. Born to James and Elizabeth Baumfree, Sojourner Truth was only one of the 10 or 12 children. It is needless to mention that this lack of proper account of her siblings stems from the fact that she was sold at a young age and didn’t have a good recollection of her family. On the other hand, the narrative by Betty Veney details that she was born to a family that had an active mother who raised five other children. From these assertions, it is clear that these two iconic enslaved people had their families work as enslaved people that they had no better or different life. So did both slave women suffer from broken families – in other words, did they have family members who were sold away? Or did one of them have a more stable home life than the other? I would imagine that the loss of family members might be worse for Veney, who lived during the later period where lots of slaves were sold south (Carolinas, Georgia, Texas, etc) to the cotton plantations.
In conclusion, Both Sojourner Truth and Betty Veney are two of the many enslaved women in the 17th and 18 centuries. Like any other life experiences, they had their share of similarities that sound like they have been common for enslaved women. Among these include facts surrounding their first time as enslaved people and the tasks they were assigned their religious introductions. Regardless of these, the narratives also depict a picture where they shared key differences in aspects of the location and periods they were enslaved and their family and personality profiles. Essentially, this big contrast fits into the larger conversation that enslaved people ensured among the most unimaginable things that degraded their humanity and stripped them of their fundamental dignity. This is very rhetorical… and you never really showed they were “stripped of their fundamental dignity” in the text. What examples do you have of how these women were mistreated and dishonored, other than getting struck with a “nail-rod”?
References
Veney, B. (1890). The narrative of Bethany Veney: A slave woman.
Truth, S. (1850). Narrative of Sojourner Truth: A northern slave. Boston