Literature review. The research problem or objective needs to be situated within a context of
other scholarship in the area(s). The literature review presents a discussion of the most important
research and theoretical work relating to the research problem/objective. It addresses the
following kinds of questions: What have others said about this area(s)? What theories address it
and what do these say? What research has been done (or not done) previously? Are there
consistent findings or do past studies disagree? Are there flaws or gaps in the previous research
that your study will seek to remedy?
In this part you will need to submit:
1. Part one (if you corrected it or change your topic). This component will not be graded
2. Annotated bibliography*- Finding sources of materials:
Limit your sources to those available on the campus or online and to those materials,
which are not more than 20 years old, unless you are examining older writings from a
historical point of view.
Based on your research question, examine your sources, locate the useful material, and
then make good notes of it, including quotes and information for footnotes. You do not
want to have to go back to these sources again. In other words: get facts, opinions,
research methods, and conclusions and above all – do not be afraid to criticize them and
make your point!
You do not need to submit these notes as part of the annotated bibliography, the note’s
purpose is to help you in the writing process.
You do have to submit your list of resources and in a very short paragraph explain the
contribution of this source to your paper.
*Examples below
**There are many software packages, some are free or under university license that can be of great help in
organizing bibliography (Endnote, RefWorks, Bookend, Papers, Zotero).
3. Bibliography: Include a bibliography or works cited of all sources cited in the research
proposal. Double check your bibliography against the proposal to make sure that all
sources appear in both places.