Comparison and Contrast

Comparison brings similar things together for examination or evaluation, whereas contrast emphasizes their differences.    There are two ways to compose comparison and contrast in writing: in chunks and in sequence. In chunking, each object of the comparison or contrast is dealt with in individual paragraphs; in sequencing, the items or issues are brought together for comparison or contrast point by point.    Accordingly, there are two types of comparison and contrast papers. The chunky comparison or contrast takes the following format:1. Introduction2. The summary of the first essay3. The summary of the second essay4. One or several paragraphs of comparison or contrast5. ConclusionThe sequenced comparison or contrast looks like this:1. Introduction 2. The comparison or contrast of the first issue3. The comparison or contrast of the second issue4. The comparison or contrast of the third issue5. Conclusion    In a chunked comparison or contrast, discussion is organized around separate items being compared or contrasted. It allows the writer to be selective in his/her summary, which prepares for the later comparison or contrast.    In a sequenced comparison or contrast, discussion is organized around characteristics of the items being compared or contrasted. Each point is dealt with as it comes to readers’ attention.Essay requirements:1. This essay calls for both analysis and synthesis and serves as a first step towards the research paper. You may choose two articles from the textbook and discuss the similarities and differences between the two articles.  Possible choices are “On Dumpster Diving” and “On Being a Cripple” / “Salvation” and “Shooting an Elephant” / and “Beauty: When the Other Dancer Is My Self” and “How It Feels to Be Colored Me.” You may also choose your own pair from the readings in the book.     2. The essay should demonstrate your skills in citation, summary, synthesis, and analysis. Follow one of the formats given above and work on the thesis statement although I highly recommend the sequence format.  Please note this essay requires a careful planning.     3. Learn to use topic sentences in the developing paragraphs. While you have to cite the text for proof, you should also be selective in finding the most important things to quote. You may also use paraphrase and summary to back up your claim in addition to quotes. Make sure to provide the context for the quote, and then follow it with your explanation and analysis to show your presence in this largely impersonal essay. A typical developing paragraph will have a topic sentence, one or two quotes, and explanation and analysis of the information provided.    4. Please follow MLA documentation format closely when you cite the sources.     5. Proofread your essay closely before handing it in. I will be very strict with mechanical errors this time.