Introduction, Background, and Literature Review

The topic is The Air Traffic Management

As we continue our written analysis, we will now use the resources we have gathered to formulate our introduction, background, and literature review sections. These areas will provide context for your problem and clarify your research approach. So be sure to consider all the different elements that impact your problem. For example, if you wanted to look at the impact of small unmanned aircraft on manned aircraft, you may want to look at FAA sighting data as well as current or proposed recommendations, regulations, safety impacts, and then the different sizes and types of unmanned aircraft and the resulting impact on manned aircraft. What that does is that provides a holistic view of the problem from everything that could potentially impact it from a regulatory standpoint to a safety standpoint.

When an industry is faced with a problem, the resolution process often involves multiple stakeholders. Before the FAA changes or updates a regulation, for example, it often solicits information and feedback from those in the industry. This allows for a thorough examination of the underlying cause for the change and the potential impact of the resolution on those who will be responsible for carrying it out.
In research, this is accomplished via literature reviews. By reviewing the literature, trends rise to the surface. The elements that contribute to the problem are more easily identified, as well as potential solutions for mitigating the problem in the future. It also provides background information such as how long the problem has plagued the industry and why it is necessary to address it.
Using the APA Sample Paper Template for this assignment, you will be writing the introduction, background, and literature review sections of your research paper.
Review the following for the order and requirements for each section of this assignment: 

Title Page.
Abstract (leave blank for now).
Introduction: A brief overview of what you are researching, why, and an overview of your research process (including the main topics you will review). This should be approximately one paragraph.
Background: Describe what led to the problem, explain the extent of the problem, and why it is necessary to research and resolve the problem. This should be 2-3 paragraphs.
Literature Review: Provide historical background on the area you are researching, provide a contemporary context in which your research is situated, identify any trends in the literature related to your problem, identifies gaps in the literature, draw conclusions based on the literature (what we know about the problem). This should be 2-3 pages.

Save your assignment using a naming convention that includes your first and last name and the activity number (or description). Do not add punctuation or special characters.

Criteria

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeComprehension
Should address given assignment requirements; there should be evidence from course content and from valid, external sources should be used.

Application
Decisions and conclusions should be a result of analysis and synthesis of evidence. Should formulate resolution and recommendations, and may contribute to improvements in the applicable discipline. Conclusion could include possible consequences and outcome scenarios.

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAnalysis
Should identify and analyze issues and relationships between factors with examples; supports argument based upon solid body of evidence; should apply to real-life situations and defined, if required.

Style and Mechanics
Mechanics of style should enhance content understanding, and writing skillfully supports the message and is in required format. Citations and references present and IAW APA.

The Air Traffic Management

The first air route traffic control center (ARTCC), which directs the movement of aircraft between departure and destination, was opened in Newark in 1935. Old Tech is still running America’s air traffic control even though people plan to go to Mars. The improvements in the US ATC system are significant, but have come at a much slower pace than some other countries. The federal procurement process is so cumbersome that too often equipment is outdated when it is installed. The FAA is moving steadily toward replacing the old system of ground-based radars to track aircraft with one that relies on satellite-based technologies which is Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B). The transition from radar surveillance to Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) or better tech to track airplanes in flight and on the ground more accurately and reliably.

But as tech pushes on, we have 5G system and better systems that can be apply to ATC system. And it will provide more reliable and safe ATC system. There is a much greater quantity of traffic in the US than in most countries and we need better ATC system for the traffic. The purpose of the research is how modernization of ATC can have more benefit then Old Tech.

References
Brooker, P. (2013). Introducing unmanned aircraft systems into a high reliability ATC system. Journal of Navigation, 66(5), 719-735. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0373463313000337 (Links to an external site.)

Ito, J. (2001). New ATC promises significant benefits: Higher reliability, improved passenger comfort, and greater flexibility in train scheduling are promised by a new ATC system being developed by JR central. (signalling). International Railway Journal and Rapid Transit Review, 41(5), 48.

Krella, F., & Eurocontrol Experimental Centre. (1986). Experimental use of artificial intelligence for (future) ATC systems. Eurocontrol Experimental Centre.

Li, R., Zhou, Z., Cheng, Y., & Wang, J. (2017). Failure effects evaluation for ATC automation system. Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing, 2017, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8304236 (Links to an external site.)

Pan, W. J., Wu, D., Wang, W. B., & Huang, C. Y. (2014). Research of human factors under automatic ATC system. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 513-517, 2799-2803. www.scientific.net/AMM.513-517.2799 (Links to an external site.)” TARGET=”_blank”>https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.513-517.2799 (Links to an external site.)