LaMont 1 Rogers 3 Ezekeil LaMont Dan Paterson Philosophy 101 16 March

LaMont 1
Rogers 3
Ezekeil LaMontDan PatersonPhilosophy 101 16 March 2022
Incompatibilist Free Will And Determinism
I. Introduction
A. According to the thesis of incompatibilist free will, the world is governed by free will and there is no room for determinism in it.
B. On the other hand, the general view of determinism is the wider notion that everything that happens in the world, as well as what people decide to do, is determined by natural laws and people’s past experiences (Vihvelin).
C. Two of the most important theories pertaining to the disagreement are hard determinism and compatibilism.
D. The theory of hard determinism is more convincing because every event, including human choices, can be completely and rationally explained, and when considering the circumstances surrounding any event, it becomes clear that no other course of action could have been taken.
II. Hard determinism
A. Hard determinism is the rigid position that no action in the world is free.
B. It is the doctrine arguing that the choices and actions of humans are out of any meaningful control of individual persons and, instead, are causally determined by external influences and forces (American Psychological Association).
III. Compatibilism
A. Compatibilism holds the view that free actions exist, such as when people do what they feel that they want to do.
B. Compatibilism, also known as soft determinism, although agreeing with the causal deterministic view, believes that people still act freely and have a moral responsibility when there are no external constraints to their behaviors (Pecorino).
IV. Opinion in favor of hard determinism
A. Of the two theories, hard determinism is certainly more convincing since it completely eliminates the possibility of free will.
B. Having such a philosophical position is only logical because if determinism is true, free will can be nothing but an illusion.
V. Conclusion and counterargument
A. The philosophical debate between determinism and free will revolves around several key theories, most important of which are hard determinism and compatibilism.
B. Examining cause and effect, it becomes evident that the problem can be best explained through the hard deterministic lens even though this solution raises new legal and ethical issues.
C. Compatibilists might argue that when people decide to act in a specific way, they have a conscious feeling of making that decision and acting upon it.
D. Despite the fact that philosophical questions of consciousness remain unresolved, it is undeniable that prior causes lead each person to operate in a certain way, so the final result simply means that the decision has followed the laws of nature and was carried out in accordance with the individual’s personality and past experiences.
This is close to complete, Z, but you’re still not quite there for the reasons I mention above – you need to respond to (not just consider) and objection to your argument, and you need to articulate a more persuasive argument that actually engages the material we’ve covered in class. Your submission has earned a “not yet,” so you should submit your writing assignment 5 at level 2 (outline).