Rural Telehealth Case Study, You Lead the Solutions. Proposal Instructions
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Mental health illnesses are becoming increasingly common acrossthe US and in 2014 approximately 18% of all US adults were diagnosed with someform of psychiatric or behavioral disorder (Heravaian and Chang,2018). In 2019, the National Alliance on Mental Health recorded anincrease in US adults experiencing mental illness to 20.6% (NAMI,2021). Additionally, more than 112 million Americans live in areas of thecountry where mental health care is in short supply and shortages in ruralmental health providers is especially severe (McGinty, 2021). Infact, rural individuals face unique challenges when attempting to receiveeffective treatment for mental health conditions including, lackof desire to receive care, lack of privacy, shortage of mental healthworkforce professionals, lack of culturally competent care,affordable care and transportation to care (RHIH, 2021). At theNational Institute of Mental Health Office for Research on Disparities andGlobal Health (2018) Dennis Mahatt, the Vice President forBehavioral Health at the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Educationstated:
The cold hard facts about mental health in rural America is thatmore than 60% of rural Americans live in mental health professionalshortage areas, that more than 90% of all psychologists and psychiatrists and 80% of Master of Social Work,work exclusively in metropolitan areas. More than 65% of rural Americansget their mental health care from primary healthcare provider and a mental health crises responderfor most rural Americans is a law enforcement officer.
With the COVID-19 pandemic (2020), safety precautions requiredphysical distancing measures of stay-at-home and socialdistancing. While these precautions protected individuals fromCOVID, these precautions also created a new challenge for rural individuals inreceiving mental health care. In response, healthcare providers beganmaking changes in service delivery for mental and behavioral healthtreatments. Changes have surrounded relaxing privacy requirements required bythe Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Rules andincreasing use of telehealth to deliver behavioral health treatment andservices, (CRS, 2020). But will these changes be enough consideringthe post pandemic mental health illnesses are expected to increase (Kathirvel,2020).
One potential answer to reduce disparities in access to mentalhealth counseling in rural areas is telehealth (The relationship betweenaccess to mental health counseling and interest in rural telehealth, 2021).The following study will examine the potential challenges and benefits ofoffering mental health support in rural areas through telehealth.
Problem: Telehealthis being explored as potential tool for bridging gaps between healthcareproviders and patients, yet, HC managers/leaders perceptions oftelehealth effectiveness is unknown.
Aim: Thefocus of the assignment is to gain insight into the effectiveness of telehealthin supporting rural healthcare.
Review the article, Telehealth in Community Clinics Three Case Studies in Implementation.
Select one of the three presented models:
Open Door Community Health Centers
La Clinica de La Raza
Southside Coalition of Community Health Centers
Identify a rural area in need of medical care for which you are familiar.
Write a proposal to apply the identified model to your identified rural location.
The proposal can be 6-10 pages.
The proposal should be formatted via APA.
The proposal should include:
Table of contents.
The problem statement.
The proposed solution.
How project success will be measured.