State and Non-State Actor

Think about a recent crisis with international ramifications (i.e. pandemic, terrorist attack, environmental hazard, regional conflict, or civil war). What kind of role may a state and a non-state actor play in either contributing to the crisis, mitigating its negative impact, or even in resolving it? Discuss the role of state and non-state actors separately. Be as specific as possible, including referring to specific states or non-state actors in your chosen international crisis.