Student Last Name 2 Student Name Dr. Stanfield COM 1101 15 November

Student Last Name 2
Student Name
Dr. Stanfield
COM 1101
15 November 202X
Annotated Bibliography
Alleway, Heidi K, et al. “The Ecosystem Services of Marine Aquaculture: Valuing Benefits to People and Nature.” BioScience, vol. 69, no. 1, 2018, pp. 59–68., doi:10.1093/biosci/biy137.
In this article, a team of scientists studied the benefits of mariculture, a specialized marine category of aquaculture. They divided each of the benefits by service categories. For example, provisioning services include food production and harvesting resources. Regulating services are benefits done to the ecosystem like water filtration and erosion prevention. Cultural services consist of a rise in employment and tourism. Lastly, the supporting services of mariculture provide safe habitats and maintain genetic diversity. This article goes in-depth explaining each of the categorized benefits of mariculture. Overall, this is a very helpful article as it coincides perfectly with my essay topic. There is a high chance that I will be frequently referencing this source in my research paper.
Durham, Sharon. “ARS Strategies To Benefit Aquaculture Industry.” Agricultural Research, vol. 66, no. 1, Jan. 2018. EBSCOhost, =eds-live.
Within this sample of an academic journal, author Sharon Durham shares several approaches to aquaculture by the United States. There is much room for improvement as the US is one of the leading counties for fish importing. This means we are not producing and supplying enough fish in our own waters to support our own population and economy. Some of the methods include raising fish in enclosed land-based systems or farming bivalves in open water estuary systems. Both of these approaches to US aquaculture come with many challenges like maintaining nutrient levels and preventing other damaging impacts on the environment. Similarly, enclosed systems frequently experience the rapid spreading of diseases. Overall, this is a handy source to use for a counterargument paragraph for my research paper. This article covers the struggles associated with aquaculture and the solutions companies are trying to find.
“Global Fish Oil Industry Report 2020 – Increasing Awareness of Health Benefits, Rising Consumption, Growing Aquaculture Industry.” GlobeNewswire, 21 Apr. 2020, p. NA. Gale OneFile: Business, Accessed 12 Nov. 2020.
In this news report, the media company GlobeNewswire shares statistics on the current status of the fish oil industry. As of April 2020, the demand for fish oil is on the rise. This is most likely due to a rise in awareness of the health benefits, expanding aquaculture sites, and increased production of cosmetic goods. Fish oil is commonly used in aquaculture as a feed additive to increase the health factor of consuming farmed fish. There is a correlation between the top fish oil-exporting/importing countries and the number of aquaculture sites in said country. Although this news article mentions aquaculture and its relation to fish oils, there are not enough supporting details for my topic. It is unlikely that I will utilize this source in my research paper.
Sanchez-Jerez, P, et al. “Aquaculture’s Struggle for Space: the Need for Coastal Spatial Planning and the Potential Benefits of Allocated Zones for Aquaculture (AZAs) to Avoid Conflict and Promote Sustainability.” Aquaculture Environment Interactions, vol. 8, 2016, pp. 41–54., doi:10.3354/aei00161.
This journal article covers the problem and a possible solution to finding space for aquaculture. Aquaculture is growing in popularity and demand due to its sustainability for the growing global population. These sites of aquafarming must be located on the coast of the ocean. However, competition for space is tight due to the popularity of human attractions and activity on the coastline. In this article, the authors go in-depth explaining the need for special coastal planning and reserving specific areas for aquaculture. These areas are called Allocated Zones for Aquaculture (AZAs). In order to develop the best plan, they compared the approaches of different countries and the legal regulations used. This scientific article may be useful when writing my research paper. It could provide supporting details to combat the counterargument that there is no room for aquaculture.
Theuerkauf, Seth J., et al. “A Global Spatial Analysis Reveals Where Marine Aquaculture Can Benefit Nature and People.” Plos One, vol. 14, no. 10, 2019, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0222282.
In this lengthy article, a team of scientists came together to study the impacts of global bivalve and seaweed aquaculture on nature and humankind. Included in this article are several graphs and data tables that illustrate where the most advantageous locations are for these types of aquaculture. Several factors were taken into consideration when determining the locations with the greatest potential for success. Such factors were divided into three main categories looking at the environmental, socio-economical, and human health conditions for many locations worldwide. The authors emphasize the importance of taking advantage of aquaculture as it is a sustainable way of supporting the future global population. In conclusion, this article provides a sleuth of statistics on factors that impact aquaculture. Therefore, it is a beneficial source to include in my research paper.
Tran, Nhuong, et al. “Profitability and Perceived Resilience Benefits of Integrated Shrimp-Tilapia-Seaweed Aquaculture in North Central Coast, Vietnam.” Marine Policy, vol. 120, 2020, p. 104153., doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2020.104153.
By first coming across a news article, I found this scientific article in the Evans Library database. The news article spoke highly of the groundbreaking discoveries made by the scientists who wrote this article. They conducted a study of Vietnamese farmers who adopted the integrated aquaculture (IA) system. The specific type of IA used was shrimp-tilapia polyculture, meaning the species were raised together in brackish water. As a result, they found that the specific polyculture was profitable and reduced the preparation costs compared to regular non-integrated aquaculture. In addition to these benefits, the implementation of polyculture IA brings about a resilient population that can easily adapt to climate irregularities. Overall, this article supports my stance on why aquaculture is highly sustainable. There are strong details and facts found in this article to be used in my research paper.
Zheng, Yuhan, et al. “The Considerable Environmental Benefits of Seaweed Aquaculture in China.” Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, vol. 33, no. 4-6, 2019, pp. 1203–1221., doi:10.1007/s00477-019-01685-z.
In this scientific article, the effects of seaweed aquaculture on the environment in China were documented. The seaweed industry is very important to the Chinese economy and culture. In a 2015 study, scientists closely followed the number of nutrients and gasses distributed throughout the coastal waters where the aquaculture sites are found. Thanks to the high productivity of the seaweed, they found large amounts of excess nitrogen and phosphorus removed from the waters. In addition, high levels of carbon and carbon dioxide were absorbed, while an influx of oxygen was released into the waters. Altogether, these effects have greatly benefited the environment while producing mass amounts of seaweed to support China’s large population. Overall, this is a fantastic source that perfectly overlaps with my research topic. This article provides many useful and supporting facts for my paper.
For the last essay assignment of the semester, I am instructed to write a research paper that takes a stance on a specific topic. The goal is to convince the opposing audience by providing several points that are supported by credible sources. To get a head start on the research, I was instructed to create an annotated bibliography. This annotated bibliography lists several sources that relate to my research paper topic with a brief summary, including whether such source will be useful or not. Overall, a thorough research process can be very lengthy and time-consuming.
My research paper topic relates to aquaculture and why it should be used to support the future population. By working towards my marine biology degree, I am taking several oceanography and marine life courses that include sections regarding aquaculture. I have always been fascinated yet baffled as to why aquaculture is not more widely used. It provides several benefits to the environment and economy while producing mass amounts of fish, seaweed, and bivalves to feed the ever-growing population. As human-induced pollution continues to destroy our planet, it is important to find a sustainable source of food before it is too late.
Finding and citing sources to include in my annotated bibliography was very time-consuming. However, it was made easier with the help of the Evans Library database. As a Florida Tech student, I am fortunate to be able to have such large access to a wide variety of credible sources. The most common sources that I found were scientific articles because my topic is very commonly debated and studied in the field of science. After searching for “aquaculture benefits”, several hundred thousand sources were listed at my fingertips. I selected the sources to use by looking at the title and briefly reading the abstract or summary of the article. If it coincided with my topic, I included it in the bibliography. Each paragraph that I wrote summarized the main idea of the source and if it could be useful in my research paper or not. Almost all of the articles I found provided information that perfectly supports my topic, even some ideas for counterarguments.
In order to allow a sufficient amount of time to complete my research, I created a goal for each working day. From Wednesday through Saturday, I set out to add two sources with a summary each day. On the last day, Sunday was dedicated to writing my analysis. Overall, this plan was efficient in providing enough time without cramming in information right before the due date. However, the biggest obstacle that interfered with my plan was the WiFi. For a tech school, FIT has the most inconsistent and unreliable internet connection as it “goes out” very frequently. Also, since I receive little to no cellular signal in my dorm room, it was very difficult to search for sources at times. Regardless, I was still able to work around the WiFi outages and complete my annotated bibliography on time.